There is no doubt, however, that the name Horemakhet was exclusively used for the Great Sphinx of Giza, whereas the name Horakhti was used for a figure in the eastern horizon which I have identified to the zodiacal constellation of Leo and which was also idetified with the Great Sphinx.If this is the case, then there is a problem with allocating the Great Sphinx to Khafre, a king of the IVth Dynasty who reigned in c.2300 BC Iamge 3: the sun (Ra) reaches Horakhti (Leo) at the time of the summer solstice c. But did the ancient imagine Horakhti as being a lion in the sky? ‘Horus of the two Horizons’ was generally depicted as a man, probably the pharaoh, with a falcon head, and doning a sun-disc over the head. There are, however, several depictions of Horakhti as a lion with a falcon head wearing the royal double crown in the temples dedicated to Horus. A lion with a falcon/hawk head with the body of a lion The Egyptologist Selim Hassan, who spent several years of his life excavation at the Great Sphinx, and studying all the ancient texts, mostly from the New Kingdom, that mention this monument, pointed out that the very first mention of the Sphinx in the New Kingdom was by Amenhotep (Amenophis) II.Image 4: (a) Ramses II making offerings at Horakhti. (b) Horakhti or Ra-Horakhti Image5: Amenhotep III and Horakhti. The face of Amehotep III is thus interchageable with that of Horakhti i.e. It was obvious to Hassan that this king “refers to the Sphinx under the names of Horemakhet and Horakhti”.
This is because in 10,500 BC the Great Sphinx would not only be gaxing at equinoctical zodiacal Leo, but also at another zodical constellation which was also equinoctical: Aquarius.Image 9: The sky in 10,500 BC over the Giza necropolis, which I have identified as ZEP TEPI i.e.the ‘First Time’ But if the ‘face’ of the Great Sphinx is not Khafre’s, as most Egyptologist believe, then whose face is it?2500 BC is this: the Great Sphinx is gazing directly DUE EAST, whereas the constellation of Leo/Horakhti rose at that time some 28 degrees north of due east.The correct epoch for the Great Sphinx to gaze at his own image would be 10,500 BC.